Mexicans, like Americans, come in different colors and despite their pigmentation are proud to be Mexican.
Yes, Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the Caucasian priest who launched the war of independence against Spain on Sept. 16, 1810 is honored as the Father of the Mexican Republic. Sadly, however, he was captured by the Spaniards and executed in 1811.
Although courageous and charismatic, Hidalgo lacked military acumen, which explains why his success was short-lived.
However, his successor Jose Maria Morelos (also a priest) who was half Black, possessed an astonishing natural skill in leading the rebel army, which led to twelve decisive victories against Spain. And although he too was captured and executed on Dec. 22, 1815, his triumphs gathered enough momentum to gain Mexico’s independence in 1821.
Morelos’ hope for an independent Mexico was the abolition of slavery and the elimination of race and ethnic divisions. He also wanted to end the privileges of the church and the elites who oppressed the poor.
Morelos’ remains are buried in the Monument to Independence in Mexico City – a fitting resting place for such a great man.